Teachers could give higher marks to GIRLS because they’re neater and easier to teach, study finds

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Girls routinely get better grades than boys with “identical competence” because they teach neater and easier, a new study has revealed.

Researchers from the University of Trento in Italy compared the results of nearly 40,000 students aged 15 and 16 for a series of standardized tests.

They found that girls regularly rank higher than boys, despite being equally skilled.

The researchers suggest that teachers subconsciously reward students who exhibit traditionally feminine behaviors, such as calmness and neatness, which make teaching easier.

Ilaria Lievore, a doctoral student in sociology, said: ‘There is a strong correlation between higher grades and desirable educational outcomes, such as admission to good colleges or a lower chance of dropping out.

‘As a result, higher figures are also associated with other outcomes, such as a higher income, a better job or even more satisfaction with life.’

Researchers from the University of Trento in Italy compared the results of nearly 40,000 students aged 15 and 16 for a series of standardized tests (stock image)

Researchers from the University of Trento in Italy compared the results of nearly 40,000 students aged 15 and 16 for a series of standardized tests (stock image)

Average standardized (INVALSI) math and reading test score for male and female students (left) and average math and language teacher grades for male and female students (right)

Average standardized (INVALSI) math and reading test score for male and female students (left) and average math and language teacher grades for male and female students (right)

Average standardized (INVALSI) math and reading test score for male and female students (left) and average math and language teacher grades for male and female students (right)

KEY FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

Girls receive higher grades from teachers than boys, even if they have ‘identical competence’.

This was only significantly influenced by class size and type of educational provision, and only for mathematics.

This suggests that it is a systemic bias found in teachers of both sexes.

The researchers believe this may be due to teachers subconsciously rewarding traditional feminine behaviors of calm and neatness, as these traits make their jobs easier.

They may also try to encourage female students in male-dominated subjects such as math.

Gender-related gaps in educational performance are common worldwide.

A 2020 study found that UK schoolboys have had worse exam results than girls for 30 years.

However, research has shown that the nature of the gap differs with different ways of measuring performance.

When examined through standardized tests, where the questions are consistent and have a standard scoring system, boys will outperform girls in math.

Meanwhile, girls will do better in humanities, languages, and reading skills if they are examined in the same way.

But when grades are awarded by classroom teachers, women outperform men in all subjects — and the Italian researchers wanted to know why this is.

For the study, published in the British Journal of Sociology of Educationthey compared the scores of 38,957 students in the 10th grade on both standardized and classroom tests for language and math.

The standardized tests were administered nationally and assessed anonymously, while the classroom exams were administered in class and assessed by their teachers.

Consistent with previous studies, the girls outperformed the boys on the standardized language tests, while the boys were 5.5 percent ahead in math.

However, the teachers put the girls first in both subjects; for language their average mark was 6.6 out of ten, and for mathematics a 6.3.

The boys got an average of 6.2 for languages ​​and a 5.9 for mathematics, the latter of which was also below the pass mark of 6.

Their analysis also found that if a boy and a girl were equally skilled in a subject, the girl would generally receive a higher grade.

This analysis also showed that when a boy and a girl were equally proficient in a subject, the girl would typically get a higher grade in a test graded by their teacher (stock image)

This analysis also showed that when a boy and a girl were equally proficient in a subject, the girl would typically get a higher grade in a test graded by their teacher (stock image)

This analysis also showed that when a boy and a girl were equally proficient in a subject, the girl would typically get a higher grade in a test graded by their teacher (stock image)

The researchers then looked at whether there were factors that might cause the gender gap in classroom testing, for example, the type of school, class size, and the teacher’s gender or seniority.

However, only two factors appeared to have a significant effect, and only in the math tests.

It was found that girls outperformed boys when math classes were longer and when students attended technical or academic schools rather than vocational schools.

None of the other factors had a significant effect on the gender classification gap, suggesting that it is a systemic problem embedded in the school system.

The authors wrote: ‘School and classroom environments can indeed be adapted to traditional female behavior.

“So, female students can adopt such behaviors in class, including precision, order, modesty and calm, that go beyond the individual’s academic achievement, but can reward teachers highly in terms of grades.

Gap in teacher assessment in favor of female students in mathematics (left) and in languages ​​(right)

Gap in teacher assessment in favor of female students in mathematics (left) and in languages ​​(right)

Gap in teacher assessment in favor of female students in mathematics (left) and in languages ​​(right)

“Conversely, teachers are likely to associate such behavior only with female students, as girls are traditionally thought to have these traits.”

The researchers believe that teachers reward female students more because they expect them to behave better, rather than as a result of their actual behavior.

Another theory is that high grades in math are a way to encourage girls, who are often considered weaker in the traditionally male-dominated subject.

The study is the first to show that the gender bias is systemic and unrelated to the teaching environment or teacher characteristics.

Since it can be the difference between a pass and a fail, the bias can have major consequences, affecting boys’ college admissions, job choices, and earnings.

The authors note that future research is needed to investigate whether there is a specific link between gender-based behavior and teacher grades.

Book characters are four times more likely to be male than female, study on gender bias shows

Characters in books are about four times more likely to be male than female, a new study of gender bias in the literature has revealed.

Researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering used artificial intelligence to examine more than 3,000 English-language books, ranging from science fiction and adventure to mystery and romance – about short stories, poetry and novels.

The team found that male characters were four times more likely to appear than females in the books, although that decreased when the author of the work was female.

More negative terms were also used in relation to the female characters such as ‘weak’ and ‘stupid’ compared to ‘strong’ and ‘power’ used for males.

“Gender bias is real, and seeing women four times less in the literature has a subliminal impact on people consuming the culture,” says author Mayank Kejriwal.

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